How Volcanoes Work

 

 VOLCANO LINKS

One of the best sites for the generalist is Volcano World, which encompasses a wide range of general information about volcanoes. More specific links on volcanoes are given below. If you find broken links, or if you have links you would like to see added to this page, please contact Vic Camp at vcamp@geology.sdsu.edu


EDUCATIONAL LINKS ON VOLCANOES (K-12):

USGS Volcano lesson Plans
Surfing Earthquakes/Volcanoes (Grades 6-8)

Volcano Problem Solving with Science Modules
(NASA classroom of the future)
Building Volcano Models
Teachers Guide to Hawaii Volcano Nat.Park
LandSat-7 Teachers Kit
Mt. St. Helens Lab Curriculum (Grades 5-12)
Volcano Facts for Kids
FEMA for kids: Volcanoes
Volcano Lesson Plans

Volcanoes On-line
The Annenberg/CPB Project
Volcano Web
Vulcans Vocabulary
Puna Ridge (Hawaii) Learning Activities

EDUCATIONAL LINKS ON VOLCANOES (INTERMEDIATE TO ADVANCED):

Vesuvius 79 A.D. Eruption (interactive)
Calder Collapse Website

Volcano DataBase
Volcano Explorer
MBARI -Submarine volcanism

Mantleplumes.org

Stromboli On-line
Michigan Tech University Volc. Page
The Granular Volcano Group
The Electronic Volcano - Dartmouth
Hawaiian Center of Volcanology
Volcano Information Center - UCSB
USGS Phtoglossary of Volcanic Terms
Properties of Rhyolite Magma

Links for Mineralogists
Volcanism and Hazards (Bill Leeman, Rice Univ.)
Info.on Volc. and Volcanism (J. S. Aabech)
Graduate Programs in Volcanology
Southwest Volcano Research Center

Mars, Moon, and Earth (J. Head, Brown Univ.)
University of New Mexico Volcanology Program

Teaching Petrology in the 21st Century (NAGT)
Volcanic and Geologic Resources

Finnish translation of How Volcanoes Work


REMOTE SENSING OF VOLCANOES:

Landsat 7 volcano images (Synergy Project - University of Hawaii)
Sattelite Images and animations of the 10 most active volcanoes (updated every hour)

NASA Radar Images of Volcanoes

Mt. St. Helens Blast Recovery
NASA EOS IDS Volcanology
Remote Sensing of Volcanoes (MTU)

VOLCANIC HAZARDS:

National Hazards Data Base at NGDC
National Hazards Center

University of Geneve Volcanic Hazards
USGS Volcano Hazards Program
USGS Glossary of Volcanic Hazards
Volcanic Ash Advisory Centers

Types of Volcanic Hazards (USGS):
Degassing Lake Nyos
California Seismic Safety Commission
Commission on Mitigation of Volc. Dis. (IAVCEI)

Mt. Vesuvius - the making of a volcanic disaster

Notes on Managing Volcanic Risk and Hazard

Volcanic Hazards Mitigation
Volcano Monitoring Techniques
New Zealand Hazards Watch

MEASURING VOLCANIC GASES:

USGS - monitoring volcanic gases
TOMS SO
2 and ash page (NASA)

Mt. Pinatubo Sulfur Dioxide Cloud

Volcanic gas emmission at Lake Nyos

WORLD VOLCANOES AND CURRENT VOLCANIC ACTIVITY:

World Volcanoes
100 Acive Volcanoes (updated daily)

Update on Current Volcanic Activity (Volcano World)

Global Volcanism Program: Worldwide Activity
Breaking Volcanic Eruption News (Volcano Live)

Current Eruptions in the U.S.
Volcano Watch
Current Submarine Volcanism

Current Eruptions in Japan
World-wide data base on historic eruptions (4322 entries)

VOLCANO BULLETIN BOARDS AND CHAT ROOMS

Volcano LISTSERV
VQOnline
Global Volcanism Program
Volcanoes and Volcanologists
The Granular Volcano Group Discussion Forum

Alaska Science Forum on Volcanoes

SHORT COURSES IN VOLCANOLOGY

Center for the Study of Active Volcanoes (University of Hawaii, Hilo)
Volcanology Summer Field Course (University of New Mexico - Los Alamos National Lab
International Volcanological Field School (University of Alaska, Fairbanks)

VOLCANOES OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA:

Volcanoes of Alaska
Volcanoes of Canada

Volcanoes of theCascade Range
Mt. Adams Volcano
Amboy Crater, California
Pisgah Crater, California
Mt. Baker Volcano
Mt. Hood Volcano
Crater Lake and Mt. Mazama, Oregon:
Craters of the Moon, Idaho
Lassen Peak, California
Lassen Peak, the 1915 eruption

Long Valley Caldera, California
Haleakala Volcano, Hawaii
Diamond Head, Hawaii
Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii

Mauna Loa Volcano, Hawaii
Hualalai Volcano, Hawaii
Lo'ihi Submarine Volcano, Hawaii
Mt. Rainier Volcano
Mt. St. Helens Volcano
Links to Mt. St. Helens

Mt. St. Helens Seismicity
Newberry Caldera, Oregon
Mt. Shasta, California

Sunset Crater, Arizona
Volcanoes of New Mexico

Yellowstone Caldera, Wyoming
Hydrothermal Vents on the Juan de Fuca Ridge

VOLCANOES OF THE ATLANTIC AND CARIBBEAN REGIONS:

Icelandic Volclanoes
Hekla Volcano, Iceland
Laki Fissure Eruption, Iceland
Surtsey, Iceland
Mt. Pelee Volcano, West Indies
Geology of Iceland
Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, West Indies

Canary Islands Volcanoes
Volcanoes of the Azores
Undersea Volcanoes for the Azores

VOLCANOES OF EUROPE:

Links to Italian Volcanoes
Italy's Volcanoes

June 1996 Activity of Stromboli
Stromboli On-line
Explore Italian Volcanoes
Mt Etna
Mt. Vesuvius Observatory

Volcanoes of Greece
Santorini volcano, Greece
David Sewell's Santorini page

VOLCANOES OF CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA:

Volcanoes in Mexico
Paricutin Volcano, Mexico
Popocateptl Volcano, Mexico
Central American Volcanoes

Volcanoes of Costa Rico
Volcanoes of Nicaragua
Volcanoes of Ecuador
Volcanoes of Colombia
Volcanoes of Argentina
Latin American Volcanoes
Guatemala Volcanoes
Volcanoes of Bolivia

Volcanoes of El Salvador
Galapagos Volcanoes
Nevado del Ruiz Volcano, Columbia
Galeras Volcano, Columbia
Chile's Volcanoes
Villarrica Volcano, Chile

VOLCANOES OF THE AFRICAN REGION:

African Volcanoes (Volcano World)
Volcanoes of the Afar Region, Ethiopia
Volcanoes of the Azores
Lake Nyos, Cameroon
Erta Ale, Ethiopia
Volcanoes of Cameroon

Mt. Camaroon Volcano
Mt. Kilimanjaro Volcano, Tanzania

VOLCANOES OF AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND AND THE WESTERN PACIFIC REGION:

Volcanoes of Australia
Victorian Volcanoes
Volcanoes of New Zealand
Volcanoes of New Zealand (Volcano World)
Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand
Hakone Home Page(University of Tokyo):
Indonesian Volcanoes (Survey of Indonesia)
Volcanoes of Indonesia
Krakatau Volcano, Indonesia

Merapi Volcano, Indonesia
Tambora Volcano, Indonesia
Toba volcano, Sumatra, Indonesia
Papua New Guinea Volcanoes
Volcanoes of Tahiti

Volcanoes of Vanuata (New Herbrides)
Decade Volcanoes of Japan

Volcanoes of Japan
Mt. Fuji, Japan
Sakurajima Volcano, Japan

Mt. Unzen, Japan
Volcanoes of Kamchatka (Russia)
Mt. Mayon, Philippines

Mt. Pinatubo, Philippines
Taal Volcano, Philippines

LIVE VOLCANO VIDEO CAMS:

GENERAL VOLCANO CAM SITE:
Zeitcam

U. S. VOLCANOES:
Mt. St. Helens, Washington
Mt. Raineir, Washington

Mt. Bachelor, Oregon
Mt. Redoubt, Alaska
Augustine, Alaska
Mt. Spurr, Alaska

Venuanunif, Alaska
Mammoth Mountain, California
Mt. Shasta, California
Kiliauea, Hawaii

Mauna Kea, Hawaii
Haleakala, Hawaii
INTERNATIONAL VOLCANOES:
Etna, Sicily (possible live eruption)
Stromboli, Italy (possible live eruption)
Puapehu, New Zealand
Ngauruhoe, New Zealand

Pinto de la Fournaise, la Reunion
Iwate Volcano, Japan
Mt. Fuji, Japan

Sakurajima Volcano, Japan
Popocatepetl Volcano, Mexico 
Nevado Volcano (Colima), Mexico
Cerro Negro, Nicaragua

Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

USGS VOLCANO OBSERVATORIES:

Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO)
Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO)

Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)
Long Valley Observatory (LVO)
New Millenium Observatory (NeMO)

INTERNATIONAL VOLCANO OBSERVATORIES:

World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO)
L'Association Volcanologique Europeene
Istituto Internazionale di vulcanlogia
French Volcanoes Observatory
CENAPRED (Mexico)

Volcanological Survey of Indonesia
Nordic Volcanologic Institute (Iceland)
Volcano Research Center of Japan
Volcanological Society of Japan
Usu Volcano Observatory (Japan)

Montserrat Volcano Observatory
Pelee Volcanic Observatory, Martinique

Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory
Observatorio Volcanologico y Sismologico de Costa Rica
Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton del la Fournaise

VOLCANOLOGICAL ORGANIZATIONS:

International Association for Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's interior (IAVCEI)

LAVA - Learned Australasian Volcanologists Association
European Volcanological Society
Smithsonian Global Volcanism Program
Volcano Systems Center, University of Washington
Volcanic and Magmatic Studies Group (UK)
Commission on Tephrachronology and Volcanism (UK)

Open University Volcano Dynamics Group
The Volcanic and Magmatic Studies Group

World List of Volcano Observatories and Research Ceneters
Center for the Study of Active Volcanoes
Volcanological Society of Sacramento

DOWNLOADABLE ERUPTION MODELS (for intermediate to advanced users):

Erupt 2.5
Eruption
Cinder Cone v.e 24
Lavadome
SeisVolE (Interactive map of Recent Eruptions and Earthquakes)
Calculating Bomb Trajectories (on-line Applet)

DOWNLOADABLE PETROLOGY MODELS (for advanced users):

Igpet for Windows (commercial)
Viscosity for Windows
Heat for Windows
Magma for Windows
MELTS (for modelling the crystallization of magma)
CONFLOW (for calculating magma properties and flow through a volcanic conduit)
Determining crystal size distribution in volcanic rocks

RESOURCES ON THE PETROLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OF VOLCANIC ROCKS:

NAVDAT - A western North America volcanic and intrusive rock database
GEOROC - Geochemical database of rocks on the oceans and continents
PETDB - Petrologic database of the ocean floor

GEOKEM (Bernie Gunn's extensive geochemical database on volcanic rocks)
PETROS (Igneous Petrology Databank - NGDC)
Volcanic Ash Leachate Database

Geochemical database on Mt. Somma/Vesuvius volcanic activity
Hawaiian Volcano Geochemical Data Sets (Bishop Museum)
Whole-rock and Glass major-element Geochemistry of Kilauea (1994-2001)

Microtextures of Volcanic Rocks (University of North Carolina)
Compiled Volcanological Data on CD-ROM
Database of Historical Acitivty of Italian Volcanoes
Tephrabase (a tephrachronological data base for Europe and central America)
Geochem Standards Database (Geological Survey of Japan)
Petrological Database of the Ocean Floor (Scripps Inst. of Oceanography)
Collection of Rock Images

HOW TO FIND A VOLCANOLOGIST:

A Guide to Volcanology Professors

VIRTUAL FIELD TRIPS TO SELECTED VOLCANOES:

Virtual Field Trip to Pisgah Crater, California
Virtual Field Trips to Central American Volcanoes
Virtual Hawaii

Virtual Field Trip to Kilauea, Hawaii
Virtual Tour of Loihi Seamount

Virtual Field Trip to Stromboli, Italy
Tramline Volcano Virtual Field Trip

VOLCANO PHOTOGRAPHY, ART, AND FILM (largely commercial)

Volcanoes.com
Pakos Volcano Photography

Photovolcanica

Images of Maurice and Katia Krafft
Images of Piton de Fournaise
Vulcans Forge and Fingal's Cave (on-line exhibition)

Diane Burko's fabulous volcano paintings

Geyser Cinema
Volcanic Images (by Jeremy Bishop)
Tom Pfeiffer's Volcano Images
Volcano Video Productions (Current eruptions on Kilauea)

USGS Videos, Books, and Pamphlets
Video Series on Montserrat
Volcano Photo and Video Gallery of White Island, New Zealand
Mystic Volcanic Landscapes (Photography by Jeffery F. Brown)
Volcano Photos by John Seach

Volcano Art of Hawaii (Taglieri Gallery)
VolcanoWorld Art Show
Volcano Art
Volcano Drawing and Painting Contest

Volcano Village.com
Stratovolcanoes of the World Poster (NGDC)
Shield Volcanoes of Hawaii Poster (NGDC)
Volcano Slide Sets (GBCD)
Fotosearch - stock volcano images

MISCELLANEOUS:

51 Random Facts about Volcanoes
Volcanic Animations, Sounds, and Movies
Sounds of magma-induced earthquakes beneath volcanoes

Volcanic and Plate Tectonic Animations (Savage Earth)
Interviews with Volcanologists
Safety Recommendations for Volcanologists and the Public
FEMA tips on evacuation for those living near an active volcano

Volcanic Humor

hit counter